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Truck Profile

Notes: 

In 1995, FHWA revised its vehicle type categories beginning with 1993 data to include passenger cars, other 2-axle 4-tire vehicles, single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks, and combination trucks. Single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks are on a single frame with at least 2 axles and 6 tires. Pre-1993 data have been reassigned to the most appropriate category. Occupant fatality rates (OFR) for Light Trucks have been removed, but can be found in the Automobile Profile. The remaining fatality rates are calculated by NHTSA and may be different from what would be calculated from the data presented.

From 1998-2006, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) used the Census Bureau's Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey (VIUS) for its baseline estimate of single-unit 2-axle 6-tire or more trucks. Prior to 1998, the FHWA used the Census Bureau's 1992 Transportation Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS) for its baseline estimates. Therefore, post-1997 data may not be comparable to 1997 and earlier years.

In 2011, FHWA developed a new methodology. This methodology takes advantage of additional and improved information available beginning in 2007 when states were first required to report motorcycle data – before that time, the reporting was not mandatory and the data were missing for a few states. Also, the new methodology does not rely on data from the Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey which provided critical data for the original methodology (The last VIUS was carried out in 2002).  The data are revised with the new methodology back to the year 2007, so the data from 1980-2006 are not comparable.

Component values may not add to totals due to independent rounding.

Description: 

KEY: R = revised; U = data are unavailable.

aTruck transportation (NAICS 484) - Industries primarily engaged in over-the-road transportation of cargo using motor vehicles, truck-tractors, and trailers.

Couriers and messengers (NAICS 492) - Establishments primarily engaged in providing air, surface, or combined courier delivery services of parcels or primarily engaged in furnishing local messenger and delivery services of small items within a single metropolitan area or urban center.

b In 1999, the Occupational Employment Statistics survey began using the Standard Occupational Classification (SOC) system to organize occupational data.  Therefore, estimates from 1999 and subsequent years are not directly comparable to previous occupational data.

c Urban consists of travel on all roads and streets in urban places of 5,000 or greater population.

d As cited on the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), highway passenger-miles are calculated by multiplying vehicle-miles of travel and the average number of occupants for each vehicle type.

e Includes other 2-axle 4-tire vehicle in 1960.

Source: 

Unless otherwise noted, refer to chapter tables for sources.

Financial:

Operating revenues, total and Operating expenses, total (based on NAICS): 

U.S. Census Bureau, Service Annual Survey (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table 2 and 3 and similar tables in earlier editions, available at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/sas.html as of Aug. 6, 2019.

Truck highway-user taxes:

1960-99: American Trucking Association, American Trucking Trends, (Washington, DC: Annual issues).

2000-07: Ibid., American Trucking Trends, unpublished data, personal communication, June 30, 2008. 

2015, 2017: Ibid., Reports, Trends & Statistics, Industry Data, available at https://www.trucking.org/economics-and-industry-data as of May 7, 2020.

Inventory: 

Number of truck registrations: 

1960-90: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC:  July 1997), table VM-201A.

1995-2018: Ibid., Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual issues), table VM-1, available at  https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of Jul. 21, 2020.

Number of employees: Truck transportation (based on NAICS) and  Couriers and messengers (based on NAICS): 

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Database and Tables, available at https://www.bls.gov/ces/ as of May 7, 2020; NAICS codes "484 Truck transportation" and "492 Couriers and messengers."

Number of employees: Truck drivers and sales workers (based on NAICS):  

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Occupational Employment Statistics, Occupational Employment and Wage estimates, (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), available at https://www.bls.gov/oes/ as of May 7, 2020.

Number of trucking and courier establishments:

U.S. Bureau of the Census, County Business Patterns (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), NAICS 484 and 492, available at https://www.census.gov/programs-surveys/cbp.html as of Aug. 7, 2020.

Performance:

Vehicle-miles, total rural and urban:

1960-90: U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC:  July 1997), table VM-201A.

1995-2018: lbid. Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table VM-1, available at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of Jul. 21, 2020.

Ton-miles: 

U.S. Department of Transportation, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Table 1-50, available at https://www.bts.gov/content/us-ton-miles-freight as of Aug. 7, 2020.

Fuel consumed, Average fuel consumption per vehicle, Average miles traveled per gallon of fuel consumed, and Average miles traveled per vehicle: 

1970-90:  U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics Summary to 1995, FHWA-PL-97-009 (Washington, DC: July 1997), table VM-201A.

1995-2018: Ibid., Federal Highway Administration, Highway Statistics (Washington, DC: Annual Issues), table VM-1, available at https://www.fhwa.dot.gov/policyinformation/statistics.cfm as of Jul. 21, 2020.

Safety: 

U.S. Department of Transportation, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Traffic Safety Facts, (Washington, DC:  Annual Issues), tables 3 and 9, available at https://crashstats.nhtsa.dot.gov/#/ as of May 7, 2020.

Table
Truck Profile