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Oil Pipeline Profile

Oil Pipeline Profile

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FINANCIAL

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Operating revenues, total ($ millions) 1 895 1,396 7,548 8,506 8,676 9,077 8,637 8,632 8,579 9,067 8,958 9,066 U U U
FERC-regulated 770 1,188 6,340 7,164 7,353 7,751 7,310 7,278 7,212 7,645 7,551 7,649 U U U
Nonregulated 125 208 1,208 1,342 1,323 1,326 1,327 1,354 1,367 1,422 1,407 1,417 U U U

INVENTORY

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Number of FERC-regulated companies 2 87 101 130 150 158 161 160 U U 184 U U U 195 195
Number of employees, pipeline companies a, 3 23,100 17,600 21,300 18,500 17,100 15,100 14,500 14,200 13,800 13,060 13,230 13,680 12,360 (R) 12,500 U
Miles of pipeline (statute miles)b, all lines 4 190,944 218,671 218,393 208,752 190,350 181,912 177,535 179,873 178,648 177,463 176,996 U U U U
Crude lines 141,085 146,275 129,831 118,805 103,277 97,029 92,610 91,523 87,663 86,369 85,480 U U U U
Product lines 49,859 72,396 88,562 89,947 87,073 84,883 84,925 88,350 90,985 91,094 91,516 U U U U

PERFORMANCE

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Intercity ton-miles, total (millions) 5 229,000 431,000 588,200 584,100 591,400 601,100 619,200 616,500 619,800 (R) 617,700 (R) 577,300 (R) 576,100 586,200 U U
Crude oil N N 362,600 334,800 322,600 335,900 338,300 337,400 334,100 (R) 321,100 (R) 283,400 (R) 277,000 286,600 U U
Petroleum products N N 225,600 249,300 268,800 265,200 280,900 279,100 285,700 (R) 296,600 (R) 293,900 (R) 299,100 299,600 U U
Tons transported (millions) 5 468.0 790.2 921.0 1,057.4 1,063.6 1,074.3 1,114.1 1,108.0 1,116.3 1,125.2 1,146.8 1,123.4 U U U
Average length of haul (statute miles)                         U U U
Crude oil 6 325 300 871 812 778 797 779 781 767 766 U U U U U
Petroleum products 6 269 357 414 387 414 402 413 413 420 418 U U U U U

SAFETY7

  1960 1970 1980 1990 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Fatalities N 4 4 3 1 3 5 0 2 4 1 0 1 0 5
Injured persons N 21 15 7 c 7 11 13 5 6 20 4 10 0 5 13
Incidents N 351 246 180 245 188 194 171 153 (R) 167 (R) 146 130 (R) 146 (R) 128 138

KEY: FERC = Federal Energy Regulatory Commission; N = data do not exist; R = revised; U = data are not available.

a Includes companies whose pipelines carry crude petroleum, petroleum products, and nonpetroleum pipeline liquids.

b Regulated plus unregulated mileage of crude oil trunk and gathering lines, plus refined oil trunk lines.

c Does not include the 1,851 injuries that required medical treatment, caused by severe flooding near Houston, Texas, reported for October, 1994.

NOTE

The Interstate Commerce Committee regulated oil pipelines in the 1960s and 1970s.

SOURCES

1 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 38 and 39, and similar tables in earlier editions.

21960-96: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, personal communication.

1999: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.fed.us/oil/oil_list.htm as of June 21, 2001.

2003: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Aug. 26, 2004.

2004: Ibid., Internet site www.ferc.gov/industries/oil/gen-info/reg-central.asp as of Mar. 16, 2005.

31960-80: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment, Hours and Earnings, United States, 1909-94 (Washington, DC: September 1994), SIC 46.

1990-1994: Ibid., Hours and Earnings, United States, 1988-1996 (Washington, DC: July 1996), SIC 46.

1995-98: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov, SIC 46, as of Apr. 19, 1999.

1999-2001: Ibid., Internet site www.bls.gov/oes, SIC 46, as of June 30, 2003.

2002-03: Ibid, Internet site www.bls.gov/oes, NAICS 486100 and NAICS 486900, as of Mar. 16, 2005.

4 Eno Transportation Foundation, Inc., Transportation In America 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), pp. 58 and 59, and similar tables in earlier editions.

5 1960-70: Ibid., Transportation in America, 1998 (Washington, DC: 1998), p. 44 and Transportation in America, Supplement, 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999).

1980-98: Ibid., Transpotation in America, 2002 (Washington, DC: 2002), p. 53, and similar tables in earlier editions.

1999-2002: Association of Oil Pipe Lines, Shifts in Petroleum Transportation (Washington, DC: 2004), Internet site http://www.aopl.org/pubs/facts.html as of Mar. 23, 2005.

61960-70: Ibid., Transportation In America 1999 (Washington, DC: 1999), p. 71.

1980-99: Ibid.,Transportation In America 2000 (Washington, DC: 2000), p. 51.

7 U.S. Department of Transportation, Research and Special Programs Administration, Office of Pipeline Safety, available at Internet site http://ops.dot.gov/stats/lq_sum.htm as of Mar. 16, 2004, and earlier tables for 1970 and 1980 data.

Updated: Sunday, May 21, 2017