Table 2-31: Transit Safety and Property Damage Data
|Incidentsa,b (includes accidents)||90,163||83,139||73,831||64,986||70,693||62,471||59,392||61,561||60,094||58,703||59,898||58,149||30,331||19,797|
|Rates per 100 million vehicle-milesc|
|Fatalities (all reportable incidents)||13.6||12.1||10.9||11.1||12.4||10.5||10.1||10.2||10.1||10.2||9.8||8.6||9.1||7.6|
|Injuries (all reportable incidents)||2,191||2,103||2,195||2,077||2,254||2,183||2,122||2,078||1,976||1,890||1,889||1,746||624||594|
|Property damaged (current $ millions)||38.0||37.5||37.5||44.9||38.4||46.3||57.6||55.5||61.5||55.3||58.9||73.1||32.2||52.3|
a Totals do not include data for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat. These data appear in the footnotes for table 2-33.
b Accidents include collisions with other vehicles, objects, and people (except suicides), and derailments/buses going off the road. Incidents include accidents plus personal casualties (inside vehicles, inside stations, and boarding and alighting vehicle) and fires.
c Fatality and injury rates are based on total incidents including accidents and were calculated by dividing the number of fatalities, injuries, and incidents in this table by the number of vehicle miles.
d Total does not include property damage for cable car, inclined plane, jitney, and ferry boat, which were: 1990-$335,000; 1991-$410,000; 1992-$288,000; 1993-$221,000; 1994-$322,000; 1995-$3,263,000; 1996-$157,000; 1997-$67,000; 1998-$24,000; 1999-$104,000; 2000-$77,000; 2001-$1,605,246; 2002-$254,172; 2003-$15,348,400. The large increase in excluded property damage reported in 2003 is a result of the Staten Island Ferry incident on Oct. 16, 2003 which resulted in $15,000,000 of property damage.
e The drop in the number of incidents, accidents, injuries, and property damage is due largely to a change in definitions by the Federal Transit Administration, particularly the definition of injuries. Only injuries requiring immediate medical treatment away from the scene now qualify as reportable. Previously, any injury was reportable. Commuter rail data are now derived from the Federal Railroad Administration's Rail Accident Incident Reporting System (RAIRS). In addition, in 2002 the threshold for reporting property damage was changed from $1,000 in transit property damage to $7,500 in total property damage.
Data are provided only for transit systems that furnished safety data for inclusion in the U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis, annual reports.
Transit vehicle-miles in this table differ from those reported in Chapter 1. The American Public Transit Association, which is the source for the vehicle-miles table in Chapter 1, includes all transit systems, while Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Annual Report covers only directly operated urban transit systems.
Prior to the 2000 edition, Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report was entitled Safety Management Information Statistics (SAMIS) annual report.
Analysts for the FTA believe the change in reporting requirements in 2002 may have resulted in unreliable data in that year, particularly for injuries, accidents, and incidents. The reliability of reporting is believed to be much better in 2003 and is expected to improve in the future.
U.S. Department of Transportation, Federal Transit Administration, 2002 Transit Safety and Security Statistics and Analysis Report (Cambridge, MA: 2004), Internet site http://transit-safety.volpe.dot.gov/Data/Samis.asp and personal communications, Sep. 9, 2004 and Apr. 22, 2005.