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Table 1-66: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

Table 1-66: Annual Highway Congestion Cost

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Population group Urban area Annual congestion cost per capita (Current $) Annual congestion cost (Current $ millions)
1998 Value 1999 Value 2000 Value 2001 Value 2002 Value 2003 Value 1998 Rank 1999 Rank 2000 Rank 2001 Rank 2002 Rank 2003 Rank 1998 Value 1999 Value 2000 Value 2001 Value 2002 Value 2003 Value 1998 Rank 1999 Rank 2000 Rank 2001 Rank 2002 Rank 2003 Rank
Medium Akron, OH (R) 129 (R) 131 (R) 123 (R) 117 (R) 101 105 (R) 58 (R) 62 (R) 62 (R) 64 (R) 71 70 (R) 70 (R) 72 (R) 69 (R) 67 (R) 59 62 58 64 (R) 67 (R) 67 (R) 68 68
Medium Albany-Schenectady, NY (R) 72 (R) 83 (R) 90 (R) 100 (R) 106 122 73 (R) 73 73 (R) 71 (R) 70 65 (R) 37 (R) 42 (R) 47 (R) 51 (R) 56 64 71 (R) 70 70 69 69 67
Medium Albuquerque, NM (R) 369 (R) 358 (R) 290 (R) 279 (R) 243 269 14 (R) 18 31 (R) 33 (R) 43 41 (R) 209 (R) 204 (R) 165 (R) 159 (R) 138 156 37 (R) 40 45 (R) 48 50 50
Medium Allentown-Bethlehem, PA-NJ (R) 119 (R) 115 (R) 133 (R) 143 (R) 151 151 (R) 61 (R) 65 (R) 60 (R) 58 (R) 57 59 (R) 69 (R) 68 (R) 81 (R) 86 (R) 93 95 (R) 60 (R) 65 (R) 64 (R) 61 (R) 61 63
Small Anchorage, AK (R) 29 (R) 28 (R) 28 (R) 40 (R) 43 43 85 85 85 85 84 84 (R) 7 (R) 7 8 (R) 11 (R) 12 12 83 83 84 83 82 83
Very large Atlanta, GA (R) 483 (R) 440 (R) 487 (R) 506 (R) 533 584 (R) 2 (R) 9 8 (R) 8 6 5 (R) 1,353 (R) 1,257 (R) 1,450 (R) 1,508 (R) 1,597 1,754 11 (R) 11 (R) 11 11 11 11
Medium Austin, TX (R) 296 (R) 364 (R) 398 (R) 428 (R) 432 457 21 (R) 17 (R) 13 13 (R) 15 16 (R) 216 (R) 271 (R) 306 (R) 345 (R) 361 391 (R) 35 33 30 29 (R) 28 28
Small Bakersfield, CA (R) 49 (R) 47 (R) 59 (R) 62 (R) 63 69 (R) 79 82 80 81 80 80 (R) 19 (R) 18 (R) 24 (R) 25 (R) 27 30 (R) 76 77 77 (R) 77 (R) 77 77
Large Baltimore, MD (R) 261 (R) 274 (R) 302 (R) 347 (R) 422 458 28 32 29 (R) 21 (R) 17 15 (R) 562 (R) 591 (R) 657 (R) 768 (R) 967 1,057 (R) 22 22 20 19 (R) 17 17
Small Beaumont, TX (R) 83 (R) 91 (R) 94 (R) 97 (R) 129 127 68 (R) 68 71 72 (R) 63 64 12 (R) 13 (R) 13 (R) 14 (R) 19 19 (R) 79 81 80 81 (R) 79 81
Medium Birmingham, AL (R) 186 (R) 197 (R) 207 (R) 218 (R) 231 242 42 42 (R) 42 43 (R) 45 45 (R) 122 (R) 131 (R) 138 (R) 146 (R) 156 165 (R) 47 47 48 50 49 49
Very large Boston, MA-NH-RI (R) 290 (R) 289 (R) 320 (R) 341 (R) 393 424 (R) 23 (R) 26 (R) 25 (R) 24 (R) 19 19 (R) 1,127 (R) 1,121 (R) 1,249 (R) 1,345 (R) 1,561 1,692 13 13 12 12 12 12
Small Boulder, CO (R) 58 (R) 63 (R) 76 (R) 78 (R) 87 80 (R) 76 77 (R) 75 (R) 76 (R) 73 77 (R) 6 (R) 7 9 (R) 9 9 9 84 83 (R) 82 84 84 84
Medium Bridgeport-Stamford, CT-NY (R) 198 (R) 243 (R) 253 (R) 269 (R) 294 291 37 (R) 35 (R) 34 (R) 34 (R) 32 37 (R) 153 (R) 191 (R) 203 (R) 220 (R) 250 250 45 42 40 (R) 39 (R) 39 41
Small Brownsville, TX (R) 33 (R) 38 (R) 46 (R) 48 (R) 43 40 84 84 83 84 (R) 84 85 5 6 (R) 7 (R) 8 (R) 7 7 85 85 (R) 85 85 85 85
Large Buffalo, NY (R) 42 (R) 57 (R) 71 (R) 75 (R) 80 104 81 78 77 77 75 71 (R) 46 (R) 63 (R) 80 (R) 83 (R) 90 117 67 (R) 67 (R) 65 (R) 63 (R) 63 56
Small Cape Coral, FL (R) 105 (R) 109 (R) 108 (R) 112 (R) 125 141 65 (R) 67 (R) 66 (R) 67 64 61 (R) 28 (R) 30 (R) 31 (R) 34 (R) 39 46 72 73 73 (R) 72 72 71
Small Charleston-North Charleston, SC (R) 160 (R) 174 (R) 188 (R) 179 (R) 193 228 (R) 47 (R) 46 45 (R) 50 (R) 49 47 (R) 70 (R) 77 (R) 86 (R) 82 (R) 89 107 (R) 58 62 62 (R) 64 (R) 64 59
Medium Charlotte, NC-SC (R) 259 (R) 284 (R) 334 (R) 336 (R) 391 389 29 (R) 29 (R) 19 (R) 25 20 22 (R) 159 (R) 177 (R) 215 (R) 224 (R) 282 282 (R) 44 45 (R) 39 38 (R) 37 39
Very large Chicago, IL-IN (R) 388 (R) 389 (R) 393 (R) 424 (R) 479 526 13 (R) 14 (R) 14 (R) 14 (R) 11 8 (R) 3,126 (R) 3,145 (R) 3,178 (R) 3,437 (R) 3,893 4,274 3 3 3 3 3 3
Large Cincinnati, OH-KY-IN (R) 224 (R) 224 (R) 252 (R) 253 (R) 275 287 (R) 34 (R) 36 (R) 35 (R) 37 (R) 34 38 (R) 320 (R) 330 (R) 378 (R) 389 (R) 432 461 (R) 26 27 27 26 26 26
Large Cleveland, OH (R) 138 (R) 144 (R) 129 (R) 115 (R) 100 97 54 (R) 59 (R) 61 65 (R) 72 73 (R) 257 (R) 268 (R) 240 (R) 214 (R) 188 182 31 (R) 35 (R) 36 41 (R) 45 47
Small Colorado Springs, CO (R) 156 (R) 188 (R) 230 (R) 257 (R) 250 243 (R) 49 (R) 44 (R) 38 (R) 36 (R) 42 44 (R) 66 (R) 83 (R) 107 (R) 121 (R) 118 117 63 (R) 59 (R) 52 (R) 53 (R) 54 56
Small Columbia, SC (R) 48 (R) 56 (R) 65 (R) 64 (R) 69 80 80 (R) 79 (R) 79 (R) 80 (R) 79 77 (R) 19 (R) 23 (R) 27 (R) 27 (R) 29 34 76 76 (R) 75 75 74 74
Large Columbus, OH (R) 266 (R) 285 (R) 249 (R) 247 (R) 253 264 (R) 27 (R) 28 (R) 36 (R) 40 (R) 41 42 (R) 283 (R) 311 (R) 277 (R) 281 (R) 295 314 (R) 29 (R) 29 32 33 36 35
Small Corpus Christi, TX (R) 35 (R) 47 (R) 40 (R) 60 (R) 54 65 83 (R) 82 84 82 82 82 (R) 11 (R) 15 (R) 13 (R) 19 (R) 17 21 (R) 81 80 (R) 80 79 81 79
Very Large Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington, TX (R) 391 (R) 500 (R) 516 (R) 550 (R) 578 592 12 (R) 5 (R) 4 (R) 4 (R) 4 4 (R) 1,508 (R) 1,984 (R) 2,064 (R) 2,248 (R) 2,429 2,545 7 (R) 5 5 (R) 5 5 5
Medium Dayton, OH (R) 139 (R) 151 (R) 148 (R) 125 (R) 108 102 (R) 53 (R) 54 (R) 56 (R) 61 (R) 69 72 (R) 96 (R) 107 (R) 107 (R) 91 (R) 80 75 52 (R) 54 (R) 52 (R) 59 65 65
Large Denver-Aurora, CO (R) 467 (R) 476 (R) 535 (R) 574 (R) 515 530 5 (R) 6 3 3 (R) 7 7 (R) 854 (R) 886 (R) 1,023 (R) 1,163 (R) 1,046 1,087 14 16 15 14 (R) 16 16
Very large Detroit, MI (R) 400 (R) 396 (R) 383 (R) 429 (R) 452 499 9 (R) 11 (R) 15 (R) 12 (R) 14 11 (R) 1,607 (R) 1,591 (R) 1,542 (R) 1,729 (R) 1,826 2,019 6 9 9 9 (R) 10 9
Medium El Paso, TX-NM (R) 76 (R) 116 (R) 143 (R) 176 (R) 165 164 72 64 58 52 (R) 52 55 (R) 49 (R) 75 (R) 94 (R) 116 (R) 110 110 66 63 58 55 (R) 57 58
Small Eugene, OR (R) 53 (R) 73 (R) 101 (R) 83 (R) 80 85 77 75 (R) 69 74 (R) 75 76 (R) 12 (R) 16 (R) 22 (R) 19 (R) 19 20 79 79 78 79 79 80
Medium Fresno, CA (R) 126 (R) 150 (R) 161 (R) 135 (R) 132 120 59 55 52 60 (R) 61 66 (R) 69 (R) 83 (R) 91 (R) 76 (R) 77 72 60 59 59 (R) 66 (R) 66 66
Medium Grand Rapids, MI (R) 166 (R) 163 (R) 157 (R) 152 (R) 159 169 (R) 46 (R) 52 54 (R) 55 (R) 55 53 (R) 85 (R) 86 (R) 85 (R) 85 (R) 91 99 57 58 63 62 (R) 62 61
Medium Hartford, CT (R) 113 (R) 117 (R) 122 (R) 146 (R) 150 144 64 63 63 (R) 56 (R) 58 60 (R) 96 (R) 101 (R) 105 (R) 127 (R) 132 126 (R) 52 55 (R) 54 (R) 51 52 54
Medium Honolulu, HI (R) 187 (R) 198 (R) 164 (R) 177 (R) 160 184 41 (R) 41 50 (R) 51 (R) 54 50 (R) 131 (R) 137 (R) 114 (R) 124 (R) 112 128 46 46 (R) 51 (R) 52 (R) 56 53
Very large Houston, TX (R) 424 (R) 522 (R) 490 (R) 545 (R) 605 609 8 (R) 2 7 (R) 5 (R) 3 3 (R) 1,408 (R) 1,781 (R) 1,714 (R) 1,978 (R) 2,250 2,283 9 7 8 8 8 8
Large Indianapolis, IN (R) 281 (R) 280 (R) 317 (R) 346 (R) 327 350 (R) 26 (R) 30 26 (R) 22 (R) 30 27 (R) 285 (R) 286 (R) 323 (R) 356 (R) 339 362 (R) 28 32 29 28 31 32
Medium Jacksonville, FL (R) 216 (R) 222 (R) 227 (R) 245 (R) 274 308 35 37 (R) 40 (R) 41 (R) 36 32 (R) 181 (R) 189 (R) 197 (R) 218 (R) 248 284 40 43 42 (R) 40 40 38
Large Kansas City, MO-KS (R) 137 (R) 168 (R) 140 (R) 141 (R) 135 156 (R) 56 (R) 49 59 59 (R) 59 57 (R) 188 (R) 233 (R) 198 (R) 202 (R) 199 235 39 37 41 44 (R) 43 43
Small Laredo, TX (R) 50 (R) 54 (R) 50 (R) 65 (R) 63 70 78 (R) 81 82 79 (R) 80 79 9 10 (R) 9 (R) 13 (R) 12 14 82 82 82 82 82 82
Large Las Vegas, NV (R) 236 (R) 253 (R) 262 (R) 252 (R) 260 279 (R) 32 34 (R) 33 39 (R) 40 39 (R) 266 (R) 300 (R) 329 (R) 328 (R) 346 379 30 30 28 30 (R) 30 29
Small Little Rock, AR (R) 68 (R) 77 (R) 76 (R) 96 (R) 78 93 74 (R) 74 75 73 77 74 (R) 22 (R) 25 (R) 25 (R) 32 (R) 27 32 75 (R) 75 76 74 77 75
Very large Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana, CA (R) 839 (R) 847 (R) 839 (R) 851 (R) 864 855 1 1 1 1 1 1 (R) 10,328 (R) 10,446 (R) 10,358 (R) 10,506 (R) 10,710 10,686 1 1 1 1 1 1
Medium Louisville, KY-IN (R) 288 (R) 320 (R) 322 (R) 304 (R) 346 377 (R) 25 22 (R) 23 (R) 29 (R) 25 24 (R) 239 (R) 269 (R) 274 (R) 262 302 336 34 34 33 (R) 34 35 33
Medium Memphis, TN-MS-AR (R) 196 (R) 201 (R) 228 (R) 253 (R) 275 295 (R) 39 (R) 40 39 (R) 37 (R) 34 35 (R) 190 (R) 196 (R) 223 (R) 247 (R) 271 293 38 41 (R) 37 (R) 36 (R) 38 37
Very Large Miami, FL (R) 326 (R) 367 (R) 407 (R) 440 (R) 477 487 (R) 16 (R) 16 (R) 12 (R) 11 (R) 12 14 (R) 1,476 (R) 1,698 (R) 1,982 (R) 2,183 (R) 2,384 2,485 8 8 6 (R) 6 6 6
Large Milwaukee, WI (R) 193 (R) 217 (R) 215 (R) 212 (R) 211 214 40 38 (R) 41 44 (R) 47 48 (R) 251 (R) 289 (R) 294 (R) 297 (R) 305 310 32 31 31 32 33 36
Large Minneapolis - St. Paul, MN (R) 346 (R) 394 (R) 352 (R) 389 (R) 384 394 (R) 15 (R) 12 (R) 17 (R) 17 (R) 21 21 (R) 803 (R) 935 (R) 841 (R) 944 (R) 936 975 15 15 18 17 (R) 18 18
Medium Nashville-Davidson, TN (R) 230 (R) 277 (R) 309 (R) 297 (R) 338 331 33 (R) 31 (R) 28 (R) 31 (R) 29 29 170 (R) 216 (R) 252 (R) 252 (R) 305 317 43 (R) 39 (R) 34 (R) 35 (R) 33 34
Medium New Haven, CT (R) 130 (R) 172 (R) 191 (R) 207 (R) 191 181 57 47 (R) 44 (R) 46 (R) 50 51 (R) 67 (R) 90 (R) 100 (R) 112 (R) 104 100 62 57 56 (R) 56 (R) 58 60
Large New Orleans, LA (R) 159 (R) 168 (R) 158 (R) 160 (R) 153 167 (R) 48 (R) 49 (R) 53 (R) 53 (R) 56 54 (R) 174 (R) 184 (R) 172 (R) 176 (R) 168 183 41 44 44 46 47 46
Very large New York-Newark, NY-NJ-CT (R) 302 (R) 340 (R) 325 (R) 353 (R) 373 383 18 (R) 19 22 (R) 20 (R) 22 23 (R) 4,989 (R) 5,654 (R) 5,555 (R) 6,071 (R) 6,493 6,780 2 2 2 2 2 2
Large Oklahoma City, OK (R) 92 (R) 114 (R) 92 (R) 103 (R) 122 112 66 (R) 66 72 (R) 70 (R) 65 68 (R) 95 (R) 119 (R) 99 (R) 112 (R) 133 122 54 (R) 49 57 56 51 55
Medium Omaha, NE-IA (R) 154 (R) 168 (R) 165 (R) 188 (R) 200 211 (R) 50 (R) 49 (R) 49 49 (R) 48 49 (R) 91 (R) 101 (R) 102 (R) 119 (R) 127 135 (R) 55 (R) 55 (R) 55 54 53 52
Large Orlando, FL (R) 400 (R) 392 (R) 474 (R) 497 (R) 490 510 (R) 9 (R) 13 9 (R) 9 (R) 8 10 (R) 448 (R) 447 (R) 562 (R) 611 (R) 615 643 23 24 23 (R) 23 23 23
Medium Oxnard-Ventura, CA (R) 168 (R) 190 (R) 242 (R) 289 (R) 288 307 (R) 44 43 37 (R) 32 (R) 33 33 (R) 90 (R) 123 (R) 133 (R) 160 (R) 161 177 (R) 56 48 49 (R) 47 48 48
Small Pensacola, FL-AL (R) 138 (R) 145 (R) 178 (R) 159 (R) 164 162 (R) 54 (R) 57 47 (R) 54 53 56 (R) 41 (R) 43 (R) 53 (R) 49 (R) 51 50 68 69 68 70 70 70
Very large Philadelphia, PA-NJ-DE-MD (R) 289 (R) 316 (R) 290 (R) 336 (R) 352 357 24 (R) 23 (R) 31 (R) 25 (R) 24 26 (R) 1,408 (R) 1,564 (R) 1,460 (R) 1,719 (R) 1,830 1,885 (R) 9 10 (R) 10 10 (R) 9 10
Very large Phoenix, AZ (R) 302 (R) 376 (R) 378 (R) 421 (R) 414 431 (R) 18 (R) 15 (R) 16 (R) 15 18 17 (R) 769 (R) 1,015 (R) 1,067 (R) 1,220 (R) 1,222 1,295 16 14 14 13 14 14
Large Pittsburgh, PA (R) 120 (R) 135 (R) 108 (R) 118 (R) 119 135 (R) 60 60 66 63 (R) 66 62 (R) 213 (R) 239 (R) 191 (R) 207 (R) 209 243 (R) 36 36 43 (R) 42 (R) 42 42
Large Portland, OR-WA (R) 294 (R) 316 (R) 322 (R) 343 (R) 344 341 (R) 22 23 23 (R) 23 27 28 (R) 432 (R) 477 (R) 497 (R) 545 (R) 556 569 24 23 24 24 24 25
Large Providence, RI-MA (R) 145 (R) 181 (R) 181 (R) 203 (R) 271 295 (R) 52 (R) 45 46 47 (R) 37 35 (R) 173 (R) 218 (R) 218 (R) 245 (R) 332 363 42 38 38 (R) 37 (R) 32 31
Medium Raleigh-Durham, NC (R) 167 (R) 163 (R) 194 (R) 261 (R) 230 248 (R) 45 (R) 52 43 (R) 35 (R) 46 43 (R) 114 (R) 114 (R) 141 (R) 197 (R) 180 194 (R) 48 (R) 52 46 45 (R) 46 45
Medium Richmond, VA (R) 148 (R) 145 (R) 114 (R) 114 (R) 131 153 (R) 51 57 (R) 64 66 (R) 62 58 (R) 109 (R) 109 (R) 90 (R) 94 (R) 114 140 (R) 50 (R) 53 60 (R) 58 55 51
Large Riverside-San Bernardino, CA (R) 428 (R) 430 (R) 444 (R) 464 (R) 487 517 7 (R) 10 10 (R) 10 (R) 9 9 (R) 599 (R) 611 (R) 653 (R) 705 (R) 784 864 19 (R) 21 21 (R) 21 (R) 20 20
Medium Rochester, NY (R) 38 (R) 55 (R) 53 (R) 50 (R) 50 65 82 (R) 80 81 83 83 82 (R) 24 (R) 35 (R) 34 (R) 33 (R) 33 43 (R) 74 72 72 (R) 73 73 73
Large Sacramento, CA (R) 245 (R) 269 (R) 298 (R) 333 (R) 346 374 (R) 30 (R) 33 (R) 30 (R) 27 (R) 25 25 (R) 333 (R) 374 (R) 425 (R) 489 (R) 540 620 (R) 25 (R) 25 (R) 25 25 25 24
Small Salem, OR (R) 86 (R) 85 (R) 95 109 (R) 135 135 67 72 70 (R) 68 (R) 59 62 (R) 16 (R) 17 (R) 19 23 (R) 29 29 78 78 79 78 (R) 74 78
Medium Salt Lake City, UT (R) 118 (R) 133 (R) 155 (R) 221 (R) 264 279 62 61 (R) 55 42 (R) 39 39 (R) 105 (R) 119 (R) 139 (R) 204 (R) 243 257 51 49 47 (R) 43 (R) 41 40
Large San Antonio, TX (R) 197 (R) 287 (R) 329 (R) 301 (R) 314 301 38 (R) 27 (R) 21 (R) 30 (R) 31 34 (R) 243 (R) 356 (R) 412 (R) 380 (R) 402 401 33 (R) 26 (R) 26 27 27 27
Large San Diego, CA (R) 241 (R) 311 (R) 330 (R) 369 (R) 460 492 (R) 31 (R) 25 (R) 20 (R) 18 (R) 13 12 (R) 641 (R) 841 (R) 905 (R) 1,025 (R) 1,298 1,411 18 17 16 16 13 13
Very large San Francisco-Oakland, CA (R) 475 (R) 516 (R) 581 (R) 617 (R) 632 631 (R) 4 (R) 3 2 2 2 2 (R) 1,908 (R) 2,079 (R) 2,345 (R) 2,496 (R) 2,604 2,604 4 (R) 4 4 4 4 4
Large San Jose, CA (R) 393 (R) 470 (R) 508 (R) 533 (R) 484 492 11 7 (R) 5 (R) 6 (R) 10 12 (R) 648 (R) 784 (R) 850 (R) 893 (R) 811 823 17 18 17 18 (R) 19 21
Medium Sarasota-Bradenton, FL (R) 117 (R) 148 (R) 147 (R) 146 (R) 171 170 63 56 57 (R) 56 (R) 51 52 (R) 60 (R) 78 (R) 78 (R) 80 (R) 96 97 65 (R) 61 (R) 66 (R) 65 59 62
Large Seattle, WA (R) 443 (R) 454 (R) 411 (R) 415 (R) 426 427 6 (R) 8 (R) 11 (R) 16 (R) 16 18 (R) 1,163 (R) 1,206 (R) 1,103 (R) 1,137 (R) 1,198 1,238 12 (R) 12 13 15 15 15
Small Spokane, WA (R) 79 (R) 88 (R) 87 (R) 79 (R) 85 90 (R) 71 70 74 (R) 75 (R) 74 75 (R) 26 (R) 29 (R) 28 (R) 26 (R) 28 32 73 (R) 74 (R) 74 76 (R) 76 75
Medium Springfield, MA-CT (R) 64 (R) 66 (R) 71 (R) 68 (R) 77 67 75 76 (R) 77 78 (R) 78 81 (R) 38 (R) 40 (R) 43 (R) 43 (R) 50 45 70 71 71 71 (R) 71 72
Large St. Louis, MO-IL (R) 297 (R) 322 (R) 350 (R) 314 (R) 340 326 (R) 20 (R) 21 18 (R) 28 (R) 28 30 (R) 593 (R) 645 (R) 714 (R) 646 (R) 701 675 (R) 20 (R) 19 19 (R) 22 22 22
Large Tampa-St Petersburg, FL (R) 310 (R) 333 (R) 315 (R) 367 (R) 372 422 (R) 17 (R) 20 (R) 27 19 (R) 23 20 (R) 577 (R) 632 (R) 615 (R) 734 (R) 753 865 (R) 21 (R) 20 22 (R) 20 21 19
Medium Toledo, OH-MI (R) 80 (R) 89 (R) 104 (R) 120 (R) 117 110 (R) 69 (R) 69 (R) 68 (R) 62 (R) 67 69 (R) 40 (R) 44 (R) 53 (R) 61 (R) 60 58 69 68 (R) 68 68 (R) 67 69
Medium Tucson, AZ (R) 170 (R) 172 (R) 169 (R) 210 (R) 270 324 (R) 43 (R) 47 (R) 48 45 (R) 38 31 (R) 112 (R) 115 (R) 115 (R) 148 191 234 (R) 49 (R) 51 50 49 (R) 44 44
Medium Tulsa, OK (R) 80 (R) 87 (R) 110 (R) 108 (R) 116 113 69 (R) 71 (R) 65 (R) 69 (R) 68 67 (R) 61 (R) 68 (R) 88 (R) 87 (R) 94 91 64 65 (R) 61 (R) 60 (R) 60 64
Large Virginia Beach, VA (R) 203 (R) 213 (R) 162 (R) 200 (R) 236 239 36 39 (R) 51 48 (R) 44 46 (R) 295 (R) 313 (R) 243 (R) 304 (R) 361 368 27 (R) 28 (R) 35 31 28 30
Very large Washington, DC-VA-MD (R) 483 (R) 510 (R) 491 (R) 520 (R) 539 577 2 (R) 4 (R) 6 (R) 7 (R) 5 6 (R) 1,834 (R) 1,982 (R) 1,914 (R) 2,097 (R) 2,256 2,465 5 6 7 7 7 7
NA 85-Area Average (R) 339 (R) 363 (R) 366 (R) 388 (R) 408 422 NA NA NA NA NA NA (R) 555 (R) 604 (R) 618 (R) 665 (R) 708 742 NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Very Large Area Average (R) 441 (R) 469 (R) 468 (R) 498 (R) 524 540 NA NA NA NA NA NA (R) 2,526 (R) 2,717 (R) 2,760 (R) 2,964 (R) 3,158 3,290 NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Large Area Average (R) 265 (R) 291 (R) 295 (R) 312 (R) 324 339 NA NA NA NA NA NA (R) 413 (R) 459 (R) 473 (R) 509 (R) 539 572 NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Medium Area Average (R) 163 (R) 180 (R) 189 (R) 202 (R) 214 225 NA NA NA NA NA NA (R) 108 (R) 122 (R) 129 (R) 141 (R) 152 162 NA NA NA NA NA NA
NA Small Area Average (R) 84 (R) 93 (R) 105 (R) 110 (R) 113 120 NA NA NA NA NA NA (R) 23 (R) 26 (R) 30 (R) 32 (R) 33 36 NA NA NA NA NA NA

KEY: NA = not applicable; R = revised.

Very large urban areas - over 3 million population.

Large urban areas - over 1 million and less than 3 million population.

Medium urban areas - over 500,000 and less than 1 million population.

Small urban areas - less than 500,000 population.

NOTES

The urban areas included are those containing over 500,000 people and several smaller places mostly chosen by previous sponsors of the Texas Transportation Institute study on mobility.

The cost of congestion is estimated with a value for each hour of travel time and each gallon of fuel. For a more detailed explanation of the formulas used, see the source document.

SOURCE

Texas Transportation Institute, The 2005 Annual Urban Mobility Report (College Station, TX: 2005), Internet site http://mobility.tamu.edu as of June 8, 2005.

Updated: Sunday, May 21, 2017